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MAPS & LOCATION
THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY
The Northwest Territories of Canada include the regions of Inuvik, Sahtu, North Slave, South Slave and Dehcho. Their landscape covers the mountains, forest, islands and Arctic tundra within the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Dehcho's Nahanni park Reserve is at the center round the canyons of the South Nahanni River and it is 90m-high Virginia Falls. The regional capital, Yellowknife, is on Great Slave Lake on the north shore.
The Northwest Territories ( the abbr. NWT or NT; Native languages: Nunatsiaq; Denendeh; Inuinnaqtun; Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ) is Canada's federal territory. At a acreage of roughly 1,144,000 km2 (442,000 sq mi) and a 2016 census population of 41,790, it's the second-largest and therefore the most populous of the three territories in Northern Canada. Its estimated population as of 2020 is 45,161. Yellowknife is the capital, most populous community, and only city within the territory with a population of 19,569 as of the 2016 census. It became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission.
The Northwest Territories, some of the old North-Western Territory, entered the Canadian Confederation on July 15, 1870. Since then, the territory has been divided fourfold to make new provinces and territories or enlarge existing ones. Its current borders go back April 1, 1999, when the territory's size was decreased again by the creation of a replacement territory of Nunavut to the east, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. Nunavut is mostly Arctic tundra, and the Northwest Territories has a little warmer climate and is both tundra and boreal forest (taiga), and its most northern regions form a Canadian Arctic Archipelago part.
The Northwest Territories is bordered by two other territories of Canada, Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east, and also by the provinces of British Columbia , Alberta, and Saskatchewan to the south, and should touch Manitoba at a quadripoint to the southeast. The acreage of the Northwest Territories is vast enough to be roughly adequate to France, Portugal and Spain combined, although its overall area is even larger courtesy of its vast lakes that freeze over in winter.
The province is located in northern Canada, the territory has borders of Canada's two other territories, Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east, also as three provinces: British Columbia to the southwest, also Saskatchewan and Alberta to the south. It possibly meets Manitoba at a quadripoint to the acute southeast, though surveys haven't been completed. It has a acreage of 1,183,085 km2 (456,792 sq mi).
Geographical features include The largest lake entirely within Canada, Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake, the deepest body of water in North America calculated at 614 m (2,014 ft), as well because the Mackenzie and also the canyons of the Nahanni park Reserve, a park and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Northwest Territories has an extension of 1,300,000 km2 (500,000 sq mi) and has a large climate variant from north to south. The Territory's southern part (most of the mainland portion) features a subarctic climate, while the northern coast and the islands have a polar climate.
Summers within the north are short and funky , daytime highs of 14–17 degrees Celsius (57–63 °F), and lows of 1–5 degrees Celsius (34–41 °F). Winter period are long and harsh, with daytime highs from −20 to −25 °C (−4 to −13 °F), lows from −30 to −35 °C (−22 to −31 °F), and having the coldest nights typically reaching −40 to −45 °C (−40 to −49 °F) for each year.
Extremes are common with summer highs in the south reaching 36 °C (97 °F) and lows reaching below 0 °C (32 °F). In winter within the south, it's not uncommon for the temperatures to succeed in −40 °C (−40 °F), but they will also reach the low teens during the day. In the north, temperatures can reach highs of 30 °C (86 °F), and lows into the low negatives.
Prior to the arrival of the Europeans, variety of Inuit and First Nations occupied the world that became the Northwest Territories. The Inuit groups include the Copper, Caribou and Central. First Nations groups include the Chipewyan, Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib), Slavey, Tahltan (Nahani), Sekani, Yellowknives and Dane-zaa (Beaver).
In the year 1670, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) was created from a royal charter, and was granted a commercial monopoly over the Rupert's Land. This Present day Northwest Territories laid northwest of Rupert's Land, which was referred to as the North-Western Territory. Although it is not formally a part of Rupert's Land, the HBC made much use of the region as a neighborhood of its area of trading. The Treaty of Utrecht made the British became the sole European power with practical control to the North-Western Territory, and the French had to surrender its claim to the Hudson Bay coast.
Aboriginal issues within the Northwest Territories include the fate of the Dene who, within the 1940s, were employed to hold radioactive ore from the mines on Great Bear Lake. Of the thirty plus miners who worked at the Port Radium site, a minimum of fourteen have died thanks to various sorts of cancer. A study was wiped out the community of Deline, called A Village of Widows by Cindy Kenny-Gilday, which indicated that the amount of individuals involved were too small to be able to confirm or deny a link.
There has been racial tension which has supported a history of violent conflict between the Inuit and also the Dene, who have now taken steps recently towards reconciliation.
The Northwest Territory's Gross Domestic Product was surveyed and estimated at C$4.856 billion in the year 2017. The Northwest Territories has the very best per capita Gross Domestic Product of all the provinces or territories in Canada, C$76,000 in 2009.